|| Monitoring Systems: Indonesia
Ministry of Environment has owned laboratory since 1993. This
laboratory usually conduct regular monitoring to certain areas.
In addition, Ministry of Environment has developed 60 environmental
laboratories at 27 provinces that has capabilities to analyse
water samples. In accordance to water quality monitoring in collaboration
with provincial government, Ministry of the Environment has program
to monitoring water quality of 30 main rivers. This program conduct
twice monitoring program annually.
In addition to monitoring river quality, Ministry of Environment
also conduct regular environmental monitoring for sensitive area
such as mining site area. Up to now, there is two mining site
had been monitored by MoE that is Buyat Bay area within Newmont
Minahasa Raya (NMR) mining site and Aghawagon and Ajkwa River
close to PT. Freeport Indonesia mining site. Also Ministry of
the Environment conducts regular monitoring to several harbour
pond and lakes, such as Toba, Singkarak, Poso, Sentani, and Tempe.
By providing financial and technical assistance to provincial
government, it will increase leverage local environmental agency
in increasing their water monitoring budget. It is because they
can negotiate additional budget to their superior. However, there
is also need appropriate incentives and disincentives schemes
applied. This schemes is developed for ensuring that the program
run proffesionally by local government.
Ministry of Environment also monitor effluent discharge of companies
as a part of compliance monitoring program through PROPER program.
In implementation of this program, MoE has collaboration with
Local government both provincial and distric/city level. The benefit
such program is transfer of knowldge from MoE staffs to Local
Government staffs as well as to ensure accountability. Also it
will reduce tempation of misbehaviour of the agent.